Severed heads. Skulls on stakes. Surfers in a gun battle. A bridge rebuilt and blown up every night. Painted faces. A jungle swallowed in flame. Wagner. The Doors. Sweat. Malaria. And so many helicopters, their blades pounding relentlessly. Only Crazy Grenade-Launcher man knows "who's in charge here," and he ain't saying.
Yes, Apocalypse Now is back. For its 40th anniversary, the movie has been remastered in 4K digital and re-edited before heading to Blu-ray and 4K/Ultra HD discs. The nightmarish Vietnam War epic is the quintessential example of the "cinema of endurance": long, grueling, magnificent, and LOUD. When Apocalypse Now first hit theaters in 1979, it ran about 2.5 hours, but its 2001 re-release (dubbed Apocalypse Now Redux and presented in 35mm) clocked in at a whopping 3 hours and 22 minutes. The newest version, Apocalypse Now Final Cut, comes in at about 3 hours.
The Sony 4K Laser
Before heading to home video, Final Cut gets a brief theatrical run so you can watch it the way God and Director Francis Ford Coppola intended: on a huge screen in a dark room with no ability to hit pause and escape. Many theaters are also showing it on Sony's cutting-edge 4K Laser Cinema Projectors, which only hit the market about a year ago. Although most cinema projectors are already 4K, the 4K Laser replaces the xenon bulbs used by most projectors with a longer-lasting, brighter, and more-consistent laser.
I hadn't seen Apocalypse Now all the way through since Redux in 2001, and I'd never seen a movie in 4K Laser or even heard those words put together before. So I leapt at the opportunity to see the movie again in a newer fidelity. And not only did I get to see Final Cut at the Alamo Drafthouse LaCenterra just outside Houston, but manager Robert Saucedo and projectionist Noah Fife were generous enough to show me their Sony 4K Laser. And while the 4K Laser may lack the old-school romance of Alamo Austin's 70mm projector, I learned plenty about modern digital cinema presentation.
Like the vast, vast majority of big-budget productions from the 20th century, Apocalypse Now was shot on 35mm film, whereas more and more movies today are being shot on a combination of 2K, 4K, and even 8K digital cameras. Anyone who has suffered through five minutes of conversation with me knows that I'm sniffy about movies shot on film being projected digitally. So let's find out more about the 4K Laser before we see how well it can manage the smell of napalm in the morning.
Apocalypse Now Final Cut (yes, the official title has no colon) arrived on the single hard drive pictured above. "This one's about 345GB, which is pretty big, partly because it's 4K," says projectionist Noah Fife. "Usually a 2K movie, they average about 150GB. [4K] is four times the resolution of a 1080p or 2K image. It's gonna be a much larger file. Lots of detail and plot in there."
Remember to tip your server
Although digital movies used to always arrive at theaters on hard drives, physical media are now mostly only used for older films. Meanwhile, new releases are plucked from the ether using the satellite dish on the theater's roof. "We have another separate server that downloads stuff over the Internet," Fife adds, "which saves on shipping costs, and we don't have as many drives to worry about returning."
Regardless of whether a movie arrives via satellite or hard drive, it shows up as an encrypted DCP (digital cinema package) file. The theater is not able to play it until the studio sends a key file that unlocks the DCP. "And once you have those keys, during the period the keys are active, you can play the movie as many times as you want," says Fife. The studios "usually only give you keys for a week at a time. So every week we get updated keys. And they usually don't unlock until about 24 hours before, which gives us enough time to put it on screen and tech-check it before you have any guests in the theater. But they usually don't give it to you too early because they don't want to have a week-early advanced screening or something like that."
The projector itself
As you can see from the picture, the Sony 4K Laser is divided into two big metal boxes. The top box is the projector.
Fife says, "The main image quality difference between older projectors and the 4K Laser is the light source." The 4K Laser "is gonna look a lot nicer just because it can go a lot brighter than the xenon can, even though they're both 4K… If you were to watch a dark scene in a movie on this projector and one of our older projectors, you could definitely be able to tell a difference." That additional brightness also "makes them ready for HDR—high dynamic range.
"Since it has a laser instead of a xenon bulb, it has a much higher contrast ratio," Fife continues. "I think it's 15,000:1, and for our [projectors] with the xenon bulb, it's 2,000:1. So this has five times better contrast ratio than one of our bulb projectors. What that means is that, whenever you're watching a dark scene, it's gonna have a lot blacker blacks than a projector with a xenon bulb would. It's really gonna excel at showing dark scenes in movies like that. Like if you're in the theater and the lamp is on but I don't have anything playing, you can look at the screen and hardly even tell that the lamp is on."
In addition to avoiding changing bulbs every couple of months, the laser will shine brightly for up to eight years. Even then, "it's only supposed to lose 20% of its brightness," Fife says. "[It's a] pretty long time. Guess we'll find out in eight years."
The bottom box of the 4K Laser stores movies.
"You can put a hard drive in there," says Fife. "It can load a movie in 20 minutes. Even a huge, 200GB file. On the older ones, it takes a little bit more time—like an hour or so."