U.S. President Donald Trump will sign an executive order extending a freeze on green cards and barring most categories of foreign workers through the end of the year, the White House announced Monday.

The order extends restrictions originally enacted in April due to the coronavirus pandemic, which blocked most people from receiving a permanent residency visa, or green card. The new order also temporarily freezes H1-B visas for highly-skilled workers, a program popular with the U.S. tech industry, and other temporary work visas. It exempts farm workers and live-in childcare providers called au pairs.

The Trump administration is arguing the immigration restrictions are necessary to protect American jobs during a period of historic unemployment, the result of the countrys lockdown this spring to prevent the spread of COVID-19, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus.

The president “put in place a 60-day pause on incoming green cards coming into the country who can take any job they like once theyre here, and that is being extended to the end of the year,” a senior administration official said on a telephone briefing with reporters to preview the executive order. “The president is expanding that measure in light of the, frankly, the expanding unemployment and the number of Americans who are out of work.”

The senior administration official said the presidents actions would free up 525,000 jobs over the remainder of the year. Thats “quite a significant number,” the official said, noting that Trump “is focused on getting Americans back to work as quickly as possible after weve suffered this hit to our economy.”

Trump also “dramatically” narrowed the types of medical workers who can enter the U.S. to only those working on COVID-19 care or research, the official said.

The executive order applies to H1-B visas, which allow U.S. employers to temporarily hire non-immigrant workers in specialty occupations; H4 visas for spouses of H1-B workers; L visas for temporary workers and most J and H2-B visas. J visas are for work-and-study-based exchange visitor programs and their spouses and dependents — au pairs are exempt, but professors and scholars are not — and H2-B visas for temporary non-agricultural workers.

“When people come in with a green card, they have open-market work opportunities,” the senior administration official said, explaining the difference between the first and second orders. “They can go to any job anywhere, whereas, say, H2-Bs and Js and H-1Bs, these are market-restricted. They have particular types of jobs they can work in.”

Trump also “dramatically” narrowed the types of medical workers who can enter the U.S. to only those working on COVID-19 care or research, the official said.

With the original order set to expire Monday, Trump signaled in a weekend Fox News interview that the new executive order was coming soon. The extension highlights the presidents focus on the economy and immigration ahead of his reelection.

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