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Enlarge / The Rocket Report is published weekly.Arianespace

Welcome to Edition 2.20 of the Rocket Report! This week we have not one, but two stories about a company that wants to launch Ukrainian-made rockets from Canada. And if that duo wasn't iconic enough, new-space company Firefly and decidedly old-space company Aerojet Rocketdyne are considering a partnership.

As always, we welcome reader submissions, and if you don't want to miss an issue, please subscribe using the box below (the form will not appear on AMP-enabled versions of the site). Each report will include information on small-, medium-, and heavy-lift rockets as well as a quick look ahead at the next three launches on the calendar.

Rocket Lab has a plan to fly lunar missions. Rocket Lab announced that, with its "Photon" upper stage, its Electron rocket will be able to send small payloads all the way to lunar orbit. With Photon, Electron could send up to 30kg into lunar orbit and be available as soon as the fourth quarter of 2020, Ars reports. As for pricing, it was not disclosed.

Potential for small science missions … "Small satellites will play a crucial role in science and exploration, as well as providing communications and navigation infrastructure to support returning humans to the Moon," Rocket Lab head honcho Peter Beck said. "They play a vital role as pathfinders to retire risk and lay down infrastructure for future missions. We think this could be useful for CubeSat science around the Moon or possibly communications relay capability on the cheap." (submitted by 3ch0 and ADU)

Firefly considering AR1 engine for its Beta rocket. Firefly Aerospace has said it is collaborating with engine-maker Aerojet Rocketdyne to increase the performance of its upcoming Alpha launch vehicle, and the company is also considering Aerojet Rocketdyne's AR1 engine for a future launch vehicle, SpaceNews reports. In a statement, Firefly CEO Tom Markusic praised the AR1 as an engine well suited for Beta but stopped short of saying the engine's selection is a done deal.

How far along is AR1 really? … Markusic: "Aerojet Rocketdyne's AR1 engine, which incorporates the latest advances in propulsion technology, materials science, and manufacturing techniques, is incredibly well-suited to power Beta given its cost-effective, high-performance capabilities." It is not at all clear to us how close Aerojet is to completing and qualifying the AR1 engine. It also seems like Firefly should get Alpha up and running before it worries too much about the larger Beta rocket. (submitted by Unrulycow)

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DARPA launch contest down to one. A three-way launch contest is now down to one unidentified company after two competitors backed out, the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency said this week. DARPA said its Tactical Technology Office will continue the challenge early next year even though Vector and Virgin Orbit subsidiary Vox Space reversed course, electing not to participate. This leaves only one company (a "stealth" competitor believed to be Astra Space), SpaceNews reports.

A difficult challenge … The competition requires a company to conduct two launches, weeks apart, from two different launch sites. "As indicated in the quickly narrowing field of competitors, responsive and flexible access to space remains a significant challenge," Todd Master, program manager for the DARPA Launch Challenge, said in an agency news release. "Future warfighting needs will require true space resilience, the ability to put assets into orbit quickly and from a variety of locations. It's a fundamental shift from a strategic use of exquisite space assets to a more tactical future." (submitted by Ken the Bin and Unrulycow)

Reaction Engines' heat-rejection system passes key test. Reaction Engines' precooler has successfully run at Mach 5 temperatures, validating for the first time the capability of the novel heat-exchanger design to operate at hypersonic flight conditions, Aviation Week reports. The company wants to use the lightweight heat exchanger to boost high-speed turbojets for supersonic and hypersonic vehicles as well as for developing the company's Synergistic Air-Breathing Rocket Engine, which is targeted at low-cost, repeatable access to space.

A major moment? … Describing the test result as a "major moment in the development of a breakthrough in aerospace technology," Reaction Engines CEO Mark Thomas told the publication, "We are seeing significant interest from a range of potential customers and technology partners." This test addresses one of several development risks for what would be a revolutionary, air-breathing rocket engine. (submitted by DougF)

Germany may build spaceport, small rocket. In comments during the last week, German officials expressed a desire for the country to get into the business of launching small satellites, Deutsche Welle reports. The influential Federation of German Industries, known as BDI, said the government should invest more in space development to match peer countries, such as France. Presently, Germany collaborates with France, Italy, and other European nations to launch payloads from a launch site in French Guiana.

Government will consider … The BDI urged the German government to support construction of a private spaceport on German soil (likely for polar orbits from the country's coast on the North Sea). Politicians should also facilitate development of a German-made smallsat rocket, the organization said. A couple of days later, German Economy Minister Peter Altmaier signaled that the government will indeed consider building a space-launch center.

Korean company aims for a 2020 launch. A largely unknown Korean startup backed by Samsung is preparing to launch a small orbital rocket next July, SpaceNews reports. Perigee Aerospace of Daejeong, South Korea, has raised around $12 million from Samsung Venture Investments, LB Investment, and others to develop the "Blue Whale 1" rocket.

That's a small booster … The Blue Whale 1 (an interesting name for a rocket of this size) is capable of carrying 50kg to a 500km Sun-synchronous orbit, CEO Yoon Shin told the publication. Shin said Perigee Aerospace has had sufficient funding to develop the very small rocket, allowing the company to operate in stealth mode until getting within a year of launch. As always, we watch the smallsat launch industry with interest. (submitted by Ken the Bin and Unrulycow)

Would you buy Virgin Galactic stock? Beginning Monday, shares of Virgin Galactic will begin trading on the New York Stock Exchange, CNBC reports. The company will trade under the symbol SPCE.

Up or down? … After a merger with a holding company, Virgin Galactic will become the first publicly traded company involved directly in human spaceflight. We're eager to see how the stock performs. (submitted by Ken the Bin)

ESA seeks to advance reusable engine development. The European Space Agency will ask its 22 member states next month to fund an additional two to eight Prometheus reusable engines so that the agency can further the engine's development, SpaceNews reports. ESA, with prime contractor ArianeGroup, has two Prometheus engines being built at present.

Pushing down costs … Jérôme Breteau, ESA's head of future space transportation, said at the 70th International Astronautical Congress this week that those two engines are on track for test firingsRead More – Source

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