Millions of people around the world are preparing to usher in 2018 with large celebrations and massive firework displays.
- Samoa, Christmas Island and Kiribati first to celebrate new year 2018
- At Tokyo's Zojoji Temple a giant bell will be struck 108 times at midnight
- In New York the forecast is for -11C with a wind chill around -17C
Australia will be one of the first countries to celebrate as the clock strikes midnight before moving across Asia, the Middle East, Africa, Europe and finally the Americas.
Fireworks lit up the sky above Sydney Harbour a few hours before midnight on Sunday, kicking off the city's New Year's celebrations.
Samoa, Christmas Island and Kiribati were the first to celebrate the New Year. New Zealand quickly followed as tens of thousands gathered around Sky Tower in Auckland for five minutes of nonstop pyrotechnics exploding from the structure's upper decks.
But on nearby Waiheke Island, 30 kilometres away, authorities cancelled a planned fireworks display because of drought conditions and low water supplies for firefighters.
Japan will be next to welcome in the arrival of the Year of the Dog in the traditional way of praying for peace and good fortune at neighbourhood Shinto shrines.
Food stalls had already been set up at Tokyo's Zojoji Temple, where people take turns striking the giant bell 108 times at midnight, an annual practice repeated at other Buddhist temples throughout Japan.
After spending an exhausting year that saw a presidency toppled by a corruption scandal and nuclear-armed North Korea firing missile after missile, South Koreans enter 2018 in need of a happy distraction. The upcoming winter Olympics just might do it.
Thousands of people are also expected to fill the streets near Seoul's City Hall for a traditional bell-tolling ceremony to usher in the new year.
The group of dignitaries picked to ring the old Bosingak bell at midnight includes Soohorang and Bandabi — the tiger and bear mascots for the Pyeongchang Winter Games and Paralympics in February and March.
Tens of thousands of people are expected to flock to eastern coastal areas, including Gangneung, the seaside city that will host the Olympic skating and hockey events, to watch the sun rise on 2018.
Meanwhile, revellers in the United States have been warned to dress in layers, lay off the booze and bring some hand warmers ahead of brutal weather conditions.
Times Square countdown could be coldest on record
Those preparing to celebrate in New York City's Times Square have been warned to brace for what could be one of the coldest New Year's Eve ball drops on record.
City and state health officials are advising people to cover all exposed skin, and wear a hat, scarf and gloves. Drinking alcohol has been discouraged because it causes the body to lose heat faster.
The coldest New Year's Eve in Times Square came in 1917, when it was -17 degrees Celsius at midnight.
This year, the forecast is for -11C with a wind chill around -17C, which would tie for second with 1962.
In other areas of the country being gripped by the cold, some events are being cancelled or reconsidered.
Those willing to brave the cold in Beijing will join a countdown at the tower at Yongdingmen Gate, a rebuilt version of the Ming dynasty-era landmark gate at the southern end of the city's north-south axis.
Bells will be rung and prayers offered at temples in Beijing, but the Gregorian calendar's New Year's celebrations are typically muted in China compared to the Lunar New Year, or Spring Festival — a time of fireworks, feasts and family reunions.
Police in the central city of Zhengzhou are putting 3,500 officers on duty across the city, while residents gather to watch a light show and cultural performance in a public square.
Authorities throughout China are on high alert for stampedes or terror attacks at large public gatherings.
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